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发布日期:2022-01-13 10:10:55  来源:浙江中公考研








For this part.you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay related to the short passage given below. In your essay, you are to comment on the phenomenon described in the passage and suggest measures to address the issue. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.

Young people spend a lot of time on the internet. However,they are sometimes unable to recognize false information on the internet, judge the reliability of online information sources,or tell real news stories from fake ones.






Yan'an is located in the northern part of Shaanxi Province, in the middle reaches of the Yellow River, and is the sacred land of the Chinese Revolution. Revolutionaries of the older generation such as Mao Zedong used to lived and fought here for thirteen years, led the War of Resistance against Japan and the War of Liberation, cultivated the spirit of Yan'an, and made great contributions to the Chinese revolution. Yan'an has the largest number, the widest distribution, and the highest level of revolutionary sites in the country. Yan'an is a national patriotism, revolutionary tradition and Yan'an spiritual education base. There are 9 revolutionary memorial halls in Yan'an, which cherish a large number of important items left by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the older generation of revolutionaries during the Yan'an period, so it enjoys the reputation as "Chinese Revolution Museum City".





Located at the junction of Hunan and Jiangxi provinces, Jinggang Mountain is known as the "Red Cradle of Chinese Revolution" because of its brilliant revolutionary history. In October 1927, the older generation of revolutionaries such as Mao Zedong and Zhu De led the Chinese Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army to come here, launched an arduous struggle, created the first rural revolutionary base, ignited the spark of the Chinese revolution, and opened up a revolutionary road with Chinese characteristics to "besiege the cities from the countryside and seize the powerwith military force", and the Chinese revolution has marched to victory from here. There are currently more than 100 revolutionary sites in Jinggang Mountain, which has become a "revolutionary history museum without walls" and an important base for patriotism and revolutionary tradition education.





The site of the First National Congress of the Communist Party of China is located at No. 76 Xingye Road, Shanghai. It is a typical Shanghai-style residence built in the autumn of 1920. On July 23, 1921, the First National Congress of the Communist Party of China was held here. The Congress passed the first program and resolution of the Communist Party of China, elected the central leadership, and announced the birth of the Communist Party of China. In September 1952, the site of the First Congress of the Communist Party of China was restored, a memorial hall was established and opened to the public. In addition to introducing the representatives who participated in the first meeting, the memorial also introduced the historical development of the party. It has now become a patriotic education base for understanding party history and cherishing the memory of revolutionary martyrs.


01、 仔细阅读


The trend toward rationality and …

46. A) It initiated a change from dominance of reason to supremacy of pleasure

47. D) It is conducive to critical thinking.

48. D) It has rendered their interactions more superficial.

49. C) It was viewed as means to quest for knowledge.

50. B) They are constantly seeking approval from their audience.

According to a recent study, a small but growing proportion of the workforce

51. B) They feel they deserve more than they get.

52. B) They were spoiled when growing up.

53. D) Seek ways to sustain their motivation.

54. C) They convey their requirements in a straightforward way.

55. A) Those who can be counted on to fulfill commitments.


The subject of automation and its role in our economy has taken hold in American public discourse.

46. D) Their fading employment opportunities.

47.B)The concerns about the effect of trade are exaggerated.

48.B)They feel increasingly vulnerable.

49. C) Its alleged positive effects are doubtful.

50.C) People's economic security.

Look at the people around you.Some are passive, others more “aggressive.

51.A)They tend to overly rely on nationality.

52.A)They are useful in comparing cultural values across time and space. R

53.B)An individual's financial status was often underestimated.

54.c)They may not be taught how to properly interact with overseas partners.

55. D)Nationality is less useful than socio-economic status as an indicator of one's value.


Social media is absolutely everywhere Billions of people use social media on a daily basis to create,share, and exchange ideas, messages,and information.

46.D)Whether social media should be used to screen job candidates.

47.A)Moral or legal issues might arise.

48.A)When it is separated from context.

49.B)By using it in a legitimate way.

50.C) Seeking advice from management and legal experts.

In recent years, the food industry has increased its use of labels.

51.D)Consumers' increasing desire for clear product information.

52.A) Stressing the absence of certain elements in their products.

53.D)They cause anxiety about food among consumers.

54.C) Erode consumer trust and reduce sales.

55.B)Exercise caution about the use of absence claims.

02、 选词填空


If you think life is ...

26. B) beyond

27. H) noteworthy

28. A) affect

29. L) span

30. J) premature

31. M) specifically

32. C) conceded

33. E) foster

34. D) correlation

35. O) trait


According to psychologist...

26. B) align

27. D) current

28. O) wardrobe

29. A) accessories

30. D) current

31. E) engaging

32. G) frame

33. J) positively

34. M) reluctant

35. F) fond

03、 快速阅读


Do music lessons really make children smarter ?

36.[A] A recent analysis found that most research mischaracterizes the relationship between music and skills enhance ment....

37.[N] Did he have a hidden talent that others didn't have?Or more endurance than his peers ?Music researchers tend,like Schellenberg ,to be musicians themselves ,and as he noted in his recent paper,…

38.[c] Schellenberg had long been skeptical of the science supporting claims that music education enhances children's abstract reasoning, math, or language skills.……

39.[G] After computing their assessments, Schellenberg concluded that the majority of the articles erroneously claimed that music training had a causal effect.……

40.[O] But those convictions should be checked at the en-trance to the lab,he added.Otherwise,the work becomes religion or faith."You have to let go of your faith if you want to be a scientist."

41.[H] To argue for a cause-and-effect relationship, scientists must attempt to explain why and in how a connection could occur. When it comes to transfer effects of music……

42.[D] The 2004 paper was specifically designed to address those concerns. And as a passionate musician, Schellenberg was delighted when he tuned up credible evidence that music has transfer effects on general intelligence……..

43.[J]Neuropsychologist Lutz Jancke agrees."Most of these studies don't allow for causal inferences, "he said.For over two decades, Jancke has researched the effects of music lessons,..

44.[F]For his recent study, Schellenberg asked two research assistants to look for correlational studies on the effects of music education.They found a total of 11 4 papers published since 2000.

45.[I] But Schellenberg remains highly oritical of how the concept of plasticity has been applied in his field,"Plasticity has become an industry of its own "he-wrote in his May paper......


36. (D)In Atomic Habits, I wrote, "Humans are herd animals. We want to fit in, to bond with others,and to earn the respect and approval of our peers....

37. (G)False beliefs can be useful in a social sense even if they are not useful in a fnctual sense.For lack of a better phrase, we might call this approach"factually false, but socially accu-rate."…..

38.(M)The most heated arguments often occur between people on opposite ends of the spectrum,

but the most frequent learning occurs from people who are nearby……

39.(F)We don't always believe things because they are cor-rect. Sometimes we believe things because they make us look good to the people we care about…

40. (N) Any idea that is suffciently different from your current worldview will feel threatening. And the best place to ponder a threatening idea is in a non-threatening environment…

41. (E)Understanding the truth of a situation is important, but so is remaining part of a tribe. While these two desires often work well together, they occasionally come into conflict……

42. (I)The way to change people's minds is to become friends with them, to integrate them into your tribe, to bring them into your circle...

43. (C) What's going on here? why don't facts change our minds? And why would someone continue to believe a false or inaccurate idea anyway?..…….

44. (O) There is another reason bad ideas continue to live on, which is that people continue to talk about them. Silence is death for any idea……….

45. (H) Convincing someone to change their mind is really the process of convincing them to change their tribe…


No one in fashion is surprised that Barberry burnt f28 mil-lion of stock

36.[G] Over-production is perhaps the biggest concern for Burberry. While there has been much outrage at the elitist connotation of burning goods rather than making them affordable,

37.[B] The practice of destroying unsold stock, and even rolls of unused fabric, is commonplace for luxury labels.Be-coming too widely available at a cheaper price through dis-count stores discourages full-price sales.……..

38.[K] While these are honorable schemes, it makes it harder for Burberry to defend these latest figures. Fifteen years ago, Burberry was at crisis point as their signature check pattern was widely imitated by cheap, imitation brands....

39.[E] In an online forum post, which asked if it's true that Louis Vuitton burned its bags,Ahmed Bouchfaa,who claimed to work for Louis Vuitton, responded that the brand holds sales of old stock for staff members twice a year..…

40.[L] Bina believes that brands need to readdress their ex-clusivity tactic."Exclusivity elf is being to be challenged,"she says."I think that goes hand in hand with how luxury its challenged...

41.[D] A source, who chose to remain anonymous, shared her experience working in a Burberry store in New York in October 2016."My job was to toss items in boxes so they could be sent to be burned....

42.[F]Richemont, who owns several luxury brands, hit the headlines in May for taking back 437 million of watches for destruction in the last two years to avoid marked-down price It's not just luxury brands either..

43.[J] One such partnership is with Elvis &Kresse,an acces-sories brand working with Reclaimed materials.Co-founder Kresse Wesling said,"Late last year we launched an Ambi-tious five-year partnership with the Burberry Founda-

44.[A] Last week, Burberry's annual report revealed that E 28.6 million worth of stock was burnt last year. The news has let investors and consumers outraged but comes as little surprise to those in the fashion industry.

45.[H] In September 2016,Burberry switched to a"see now, buy now" catwalk show format. The move was a switch to leverage on the coverage of their fashion week show to make stock available immediately to consumers.…











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